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FLO Accessibility Toolkit

Screen Readers

Screen Readers are software that identify, navigate, and read media within web pages. Users can navigate Screen readers using the keyboard or voice, while media is read out-loud or provided as braille to the user (Gilbert, 2019, p. 125). Explore the following examples.

Discover studies about screen-readers access to data visualizations (Sharif et al., 2021; Fan et al., 2022).

Screen Magnification

Screen Magnifiers make reading your screen easier by enlarging media such as words and images. (Microsoft, 2020).

Discover, what Lee & Ashok (2022) share about TableView+ - a browser extension that enhances usability. [add note about Window-Eyes and System Access; Pneuma Solutions in process]

Speech-Text Conversion

Text-to-Speech software transforms text in to an audible format.

Speech-to-Text software transforms spoken language into text.

Discover, new developments in speech recognition software (Kumar et al., 2022).

Note Taking

Notetaking can take place in different forms using assistive technology from students in higher education to professional use.

Discover, what Tucker & Zamfir (2022) found on student's perceptions on the use of Livescribe smartpens.

Further info

Further Info is a great way to continue to learn, develop accessibility skills, and raise awareness.


Fan, D., Siu, A. F., Rao, H. V., Kim, G. S., Vazquez, X., Greco, L., O’Modhrain, S., & Follmer, S. (2022). The accessibility of data visualizations on the web for screen reader users: Practices and experiences during COVID-19. ACM Transactions on Accessible Computing (TACCESS).

Gilbert, R. M. (2019). Inclusive design for a digital world: Designing with accessibility in mind. Apress.

Kumar, L. A., Renuka, D. K., Rose, S. L., & Wartana, I. M. (2022). Deep learning based assistive technology on audio visual speech recognition for hearing impaired. International Journal of Cognitive Computing in Engineering, 3, 24-30.

Lee, H. N., & Ashok, V. (2022). Customizable tabular access to web data records for convenient low-vision screen magnifier interaction. ACM Transactions on Accessible Computing (TACCESS), 15(2), 1-22.

Microsoft. (2020). Use Magnifier to make things on the screen easier to see.

Sharif, A., Chintalapati, S. S., Wobbrock, J. O., & Reinecke, K. (2021). Understanding screen-reader users’ experiences with online data visualizations (The 23rd International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility) [Proceedings]. ASSETS: ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility. 1-16.

Tucker, L., & Zamfir, B. (2022). Student perception on the impact of the Livescribe smartpen as an accommodation. Universal Access in the Information Society, 21(3), 599-607.